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Acne:

"Invest in your skin. It is going to represent you for a long time"

Acne vulgaris is the medical name for common acne -- the presence of blackheads, whiteheads, and other types of pimples on the skin. The most common spots for breakouts are the face, chest, shoulders, and back because these areas of skin have the most oil (sebaceous) glands.

Acne signs vary depending on the severity of your condition:

  • Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)

  • Blackheads (open plugged pores)

  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)

  • Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips

  • Large, solid, painful lumps under the skin (nodules)

  • Painful, pus-filled lumps under the skin (cystic lesions)

Causes:

  • Excess oil (sebum) production

  • Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells

  • Bacteria

  • Inflammation

Certain things may trigger or worsen acne:

  • Hormonal changes - Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormone changes during midlife, particularly in women, can lead to breakouts too.

  • Certain medications - Examples include drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone or lithium.

  • Diet - Studies indicate that consuming certain foods — including carbohydrate-rich foods, such as bread, bagels and chips — may worsen acne. Further study is needed to examine whether people with acne would benefit from following specific dietary restrictions.

  • Stress - Stress doesn't cause acne, but if you have acne already, stress may make it worse.

The treatment regimen your doctor recommends depends on your age, the type and severity of your acne. It can be creams, tablets, chemical peeling and LED therapy.

Home remedies:

  • Wash problem areas with a gentle cleanser - Twice a day, use your hands to wash your face with mild soap or a gentle cleanser and warm water. If your hair is oily, shampoo every day. Avoid certain products, such as facial scrubs, astringents and masks. They tend to irritate the skin, which can worsen acne. Too much washing and scrubbing also can irritate the skin.

  • Avoid irritants - Oily or greasy cosmetics, sunscreens, hairstyling products or acne concealers can worsen acne

  • Protect your skin from the sun. 

  • Avoid friction or pressure on your skin. 

  • Avoid touching or picking acne-prone areas. 

  • Shower after strenuous activities. 

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